FEEDBACK

Year-Round School

June 5, 1963

Report Outline
Changes in College Term Schedules
Pressure for Longer Academic Year
Opposition to Change in Lower Schools

Changes in College Term Schedules

A trend toward year-round schooling, with a one-month rather than a three-month summer vacation, appears to be shaping up in higher education. Dozens of colleges and universities have revised their academic calendars to permit students to carry a full schedule of courses for 11 months a year—or to attend the usual number of weeks and take the long vacation in autumn, winter or spring instead of only summer. The country's elementary and secondary schools have not gone so far, but interest in their year-round operation is increasing and a growing number of high schools have expanded traditional summer programs. All levels of American education are affected by the same pressures: rising enrollments, limitation of funds for expansion, and popular clamor for more education in less time.

Spread of Four Quarters and Trimester Plans

The academic year in most colleges has been composed of two semesters of 17 or 18 weeks each, including holidays. Some colleges, including many of the larger institutions, have divided the school year into three terms, commonly called quarters, of 11 or 12 weeks each; a survey by the American Council on Education, Jan. 1, 1960, showed that 147 of the 1,058 colleges and universities then regionally accredited had adopted the three quarters plan. Under either the semester or the three quarters system, the academic year extends from September to June.

Recent extensions of the academic year to 11 months have taken two principal forms: One adds a fourth, summer quarter to the familiar three quarters; the other—newer but gaining favor—reorganizes the academic year into three so-called trimesters of approximately 14 or 15 weeks each. The University of Denver has a typical calendar of four quarters, scheduled in the academic year 1962–63 as follows: Sept. 16-Dec. 7; Jan. 2-March 15; March 25–June 7; June 17–Aug. 16. The University of Pittsburgh's current calendar is typical of the trimester plan: Sept. 5-Dec. 20; Jan. 3-April 20; April 29–Aug. 9.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
Education Issues
Mar. 07, 2014  Home Schooling
Dec. 02, 2011  Digital Education
Nov. 15, 2011  Expanding Higher Education
Dec. 10, 2010  Preventing BullyingUpdated
Apr. 16, 2010  Revising No Child Left Behind
Mar. 26, 2010  Teen Pregnancy
Sep. 04, 2009  Financial Literacy
Jun. 05, 2009  Student Rights
Feb. 22, 2008  Reading Crisis?
Jul. 13, 2007  Students Under Stress
Apr. 27, 2007  Fixing Urban SchoolsUpdated
Nov. 10, 2006  Video GamesUpdated
Mar. 03, 2006  AP and IB Programs
Oct. 07, 2005  Academic Freedom
Aug. 26, 2005  Evaluating Head Start
May 27, 2005  No Child Left Behind
Jan. 17, 2003  Home Schooling Debate
Sep. 06, 2002  Teaching Math and Science
Jun. 07, 2002  Grade Inflation
Dec. 07, 2001  Distance Learning
Apr. 20, 2001  Testing in Schools
May 14, 1999  National Education Standards
Apr. 10, 1998  Liberal Arts Education
Jul. 26, 1996  Attack on Public Schools
May 17, 1996  Year-Round Schools
Oct. 20, 1995  Networking the Classroom
Sep. 22, 1995  High School Sports
Jan. 20, 1995  Parents and Schools
Sep. 09, 1994  Home Schooling
Mar. 25, 1994  Private Management of Public Schools
Mar. 11, 1994  Education Standards
Apr. 09, 1993  Head Start
Nov. 30, 1990  Conflict Over Multicultural Education
Feb. 05, 1988  Preschool: Too Much Too Soon?
Oct. 23, 1987  Education Reform
Aug. 24, 1984  Status of the Schools
Sep. 10, 1982  Schoolbook Controversies
Sep. 03, 1982  Post-Sputnik Education
Aug. 18, 1978  Competency Tests
Jan. 26, 1972  Public School Financing
Nov. 03, 1971  Education for Jobs
Apr. 15, 1970  Reform of Public Schools
Aug. 27, 1969  Discipline in Public Schools
Dec. 27, 1968  Community Control of Public Schools
Jun. 14, 1965  Summer School Innovations
Oct. 28, 1964  Education of Slum Children
Jun. 05, 1963  Year-Round School
Mar. 28, 1962  Mentally Retarded Children
Dec. 17, 1958  Educational Testing
Sep. 25, 1957  Liberal Education
Jul. 11, 1956  Educational Exchange
Feb. 02, 1955  Federal Aid for School Construction
Mar. 07, 1951  Education in an Extended Emergency
Nov. 20, 1945  Postwar Public Education
Nov. 07, 1941  Standards of Education
BROWSE RELATED TOPICS:
Undergraduate and Graduate Education
FEEDBACK

Your Email Address

Subject

Provide Feedback

Suggest a topic here.

Type the characters you see below into the box

Take our survey to help us improve CQ Researcher!