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Newspaper Mergers

January 9, 1963

Report Outline
Press Consolidation and Public Policy
Newspaper Mergers and the Law
Economic Problems of American Press
Special Focus

Press Consolidation and Public Policy

Probe of Concentration in Newspaper Ownership

An Inquiry into the decline of competition among American newspapers will attract wide public attention early in the first session of the 88th Congress. Rep. Emanuel Celler (D N.Y.), chairman of the House Judiciary Committee and of its antitrust subcommittee, which will conduct the inquiry, said on Jan. 4 that public hearings probably would open in February. The public hearings will climax a probe by subcommittee investigators that has been under way for nearly a year. This is the first comprehensive inquiry undertaken by a committee of Congress into the economic conditions and business practices that have tended to promote newspaper mergers and press monopolies.

Although concentration of newspaper ownership has been growing for half a century, recent events have given the 1963 hearings special pertinency. Foremost is the strike by typographers that has shut down nine major dailies in New York City. Eight million New Yorkers have been without their usual daily newspaper fare since Dec. 9. The city's longest and costliest newspaper strike has raised the possibility that one or more of the financially weaker papers may not be able to resume operations after the strike is settled. Rep. Celler said, Jan. 4, that “We will definitely look into New York's strike.”

Once the hearings on Capitol Hill have been completed, the subcommittee will consider whether to recommend corrective legislation. A Royal commission of inquiry in Great Britain recently proposed that a Press Amalgamations Court be created to pass on newspaper mergers in that country. Some observers believe, however, that the time has gone by in the United States when legislation might contribute to maintenance of local newspaper competition. Competition in the metropolitan press, in particular, already has been reduced to the point where there are not enough competing papers remaining to permit more than a few additional consolidations.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
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Apr. 08, 2005  Free-Press Disputes
Oct. 15, 2004  Media Bias
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Dec. 25, 1998  Journalism Under Fire
Jun. 05, 1998  Student Journalism
Sep. 20, 1996  Civic Journalism
Sep. 23, 1994  Courts and the Media
Aug. 24, 1990  Hard Times at the Nation's Newspapers
Jan. 19, 1990  Finding Truth in the Age of ‘Infotainment’
Aug. 18, 1989  Libel Law: Finding the Right Balance
Jun. 06, 1986  Magazine Trends
Oct. 12, 1984  News Media and Presidential Campaigns
Jul. 15, 1983  State of American Newspapers
Oct. 23, 1981  High Cost of Libel
Dec. 23, 1977  Media Reforms
Mar. 11, 1977  News Media Ownership
Jun. 21, 1974  Access to the Media
Dec. 20, 1972  Newsmen's Rights
Aug. 16, 1972  Blacks in the News Media
Dec. 15, 1971  Magazine Industry Shake-Out
Jul. 18, 1969  Competing Media
Sep. 02, 1964  Politicians and the Press
Dec. 04, 1963  Libel Suits and Press Freedom
Jan. 09, 1963  Newspaper Mergers
Dec. 20, 1961  Reading Boom: Books and Magazines
Dec. 02, 1959  Privileged Communications
Apr. 25, 1956  Newsprint Deficit
May 06, 1953  Government and the Press
Sep. 21, 1948  Press and State
Sep. 05, 1947  Newsprint Supply
Mar. 26, 1947  Facsimile Newspapers
Dec. 10, 1945  World Press Freedom
May 01, 1940  New Experiments in Newspaper-Making
Nov. 04, 1933  Press Freedom Under the Recovery Program
BROWSE RELATED TOPICS:
Antitrust and Monopolies
Antitrust and Monopolies
Print Media
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