Turkey: Reborn Republic

July 6, 1960

Report Outline
Revolution and Reorganization in Turkey
Turkish Evolution in Twentieth Century
Turkey's Alliance with Western Powers

Revolution and Reorganization in Turkey

Allegiance of New Regime to Western Allies

Turkey, having passed swiftly through an almost bloodless army-led revolution, gives promise of becoming in good time a stronger and sturdier member of the two free world alliances which it links—the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and the Central Treaty Organization. For the moment, a military dictatorship has succeeded a one-party civilian dictatorship. But the provisional regime, in control now for less than six weeks, already has announced detailed plans for drafting a new constitution and surrendering power to a new government based on popular suffrage.

Confidence that the intention to restore civilian authority would be carried out was implied in a congratulatory message transmitted to the new Turkish head of state in mid-June by President Eisenhower. The President welcomed Gen. Cemal Gursel's “expressed determination to hold elections and to turn over the government administration to the newly elected authority.” He expressed satisfaction likewise with the new regime's recognition of Turkey's obligations under the Nato and Cento alliances.

Selim Sarper, veteran Turkish diplomat and newly appointed foreign minister, had said at a news conference on June 1, five days after the coup d'état, that the provisional regime was “categorically committed” to abide by all international agreements undertaken by the previous government, including a bilateral defense agreement with the United States. Threats to bomb any bases used in the future fay American reconnaissance planes entering the airspace of Turkey's powerful neighbor on the north did not disturb the new foreign minister. “Russian threats,” observed Sarper, “usually only irritate the Turks.”

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Democratization
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