Negro Employment

August 5, 1959

Report Outline
Improvement in Negroes'S Jor Opportunities
Shifts in Occupational Status of the Negro
Conciliation Vs. Compulsion on Job Bias

Improvement in Negroes'S Jor Opportunities

Concentration on Negro voting rights in the congressional struggle over civil rights legislation has tended to obscure efforts to extend stronger protection to other rights which are of equal, if not greater, immediate importance to the colored population. One of these is the right to protection against discrimination on grounds of race in getting and keeping jobs.

In a special message last Feb. 5, President Eisenhower submitted a seven-point civil rights program to Congress which he said was designed to continue the substantial progress made during recent years toward the goal of “full equality under law for all [our] people.” The sixth of the President's points called for establishment of a permanent Commission on Equal Job Opportunity Under Government Contracts to carry on the work now performed by the President's Committee on Government Contracts under Vice President Nixon. While the program of the existing committee had been widely accepted, full implementation of the policy of equal job opportunities would be “materially advanced by the creation of a statutory commission.”

No provision for such a commission appears in the civil rights bill now pending before the Senate Judiciary Committee. When the requested authorization was stricken from the administration bill by majority vote of the House Judiciary Committee, July 29, Secretary of Labor James P. Mitchell said it was inconceivable that Congress would “refuse to endorse by legislation the principle that there should be equality of opportunity for all Americans on government jobs created solely through tax revenues provided by citizens.”

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
African Americans and the Civil Rights Movement
Nov. 15, 1985  Black America Long March for Equality
Aug. 12, 1983  Black Political Power
Jan. 18, 1980  Black Leadership Question
Aug. 15, 1973  Black Americans, 1963–1973
Nov. 26, 1969  Racial Discrimination in Craft Unions
Sep. 11, 1968  Black Pride
Feb. 21, 1968  Negro Power Struggle
Mar. 08, 1967  Negroes in the Economy
Jan. 19, 1966  Changing Southern Politics
Oct. 27, 1965  Negroes in the North
Jul. 21, 1965  Negro Revolution: Next Steps
Oct. 14, 1964  Negro Voting
Sep. 21, 1964  Negroes and the Police
Jul. 03, 1963  Right of Access to Public Accommodations
Jan. 23, 1963  Negro Jobs and Education
Mar. 25, 1960  Violence and Non-Violence in Race Relations
Aug. 05, 1959  Negro Employment
Apr. 18, 1956  Racial Issues in National Politics
Apr. 18, 1951  Progress in Race Relations
Dec. 17, 1948  Discrimination in Employment
Jan. 10, 1947  Federal Protection of Civil Liberties
Aug. 25, 1944  The Negro Vote
Jul. 01, 1942  Racial Discrimination and the War Effort
Mar. 25, 1939  Civil and Social Rights of the Negro
Jul. 22, 1927  Disenfranchisement of the Negro in the South
BROWSE RELATED TOPICS:
Civil Rights: African Americans
Equal Employment Opportunity & Discrimination