Cultural Exchanges with Soviet Russia

July 3, 1959

Report Outline
Growth of American-Sovient Contacts
Policy Shifts on Cultural Exchange
Reciprocity in U.S.-Soviet Exchanges

Growth of American-Sovient Contacts

National exhibitions in the summer of 1959—the one designed to show Americans how Russians live and the other to show Russians how Americans live—are intended to carry the benefits of the U.S.-Soviet cultural exchange program to masses of people not directly affected by tours of musicians, dancers, students, or technical experts. The Soviet exhibition which opened at New York City's Coliseum on June 30, like the American exhibition opening in Moscow on July 25, is expected to attract visitors by the millions.

Efforts to acquaint the American people and the Russian people with each other's way of life seem paradoxical at a time when there is no sign that grave political differences between their countries can be reconciled. Nevertheless, the willingness of both Washington and Moscow to promote projects whose main purpose is to contribute to better mutual understanding may be an indication, however slight, that a better climate can be hoped for in the long run.

The summer exhibitions obviously have a propaganda tinge, as does the whole business of cultural interchange. But the chief reason for existence of the programs is the conviction that people-to-people contacts and the resulting fuller knowledge of one people by another will improve prospects for enduring peaceful relationships. President Eisenhower has repeatedly supported that theme. And Soviet First Deputy Premier Frol R. Kozlov said upon arriving in New York, June 28, to open the exhibition there: “We are confident that the Soviet exhibition in New York as well as the American exhibition in Moscow … will promote better understanding between our peoples, the development of friendly relations between the Soviet Union and the United States, and consequently the consolidation of peace throughout the world.”

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
U.S.-Soviet Relations
Sep. 14, 1990  The Western Alliance After the Cold War
Feb. 10, 1989  Soviet Trade: In America's Best Interest?
Nov. 01, 1985  U.S.-Soviet Summitry
Jul. 09, 1982  Controlling Scientific Information
May 25, 1973  Trends in U.S.-Soviet Relations
Apr. 05, 1972  Russia's Diplomatic Offensive
Feb. 09, 1972  Trading with Communist Nations
Mar. 10, 1971  Indian Ocean Policy
Apr. 21, 1965  Negotiations with Communists
Nov. 13, 1963  Scientific Cooperation with the Soviet Union
Oct. 03, 1963  Trade with the Communists
Sep. 11, 1963  Non-Aggression Pacts and Surprise Attack
Oct. 11, 1961  East-West Negotiations
Mar. 29, 1961  Russia and United Nations
Aug. 10, 1960  Challenged Monroe Doctrine
Sep. 02, 1959  American-Soviet Trade
Jul. 03, 1959  Cultural Exchanges with Soviet Russia
Aug. 11, 1958  Conference Diplomacy
Jul. 23, 1958  Limited War
May 14, 1958  Cold War Propaganda
Feb. 26, 1958  Military Disengagement
Feb. 20, 1957  Indirect Aggression
Jul. 25, 1956  Trading with Communists
Jan. 11, 1956  Economic Cold War
Nov. 26, 1954  Peaceful Coexistence
Dec. 01, 1953  Tests of Allied Unity
Sep. 18, 1953  Negotiating with the Reds
Jun. 17, 1953  East-West Trade
Apr. 12, 1951  Non-Military Weapons in Cold-War Offensive
Apr. 20, 1949  Mediterranean Pact and Near East Security
Apr. 28, 1948  Trade with Russia
Sep. 11, 1946  Loyalty in Government
Jul. 31, 1946  Arctic Defenses
Apr. 01, 1943  American and British Relations with Russia
Feb. 24, 1933  Soviet-American Political and Trade Relations
Nov. 03, 1931  Russian-American Relations
Feb. 14, 1924  Russian Trade with the United States
Regional Political Affairs: Russia and the Former Soviet Union
U.S. at War: Cold War