FEEDBACK

Reds and Redefection

November 7, 1956

Report Outline
Use of Redefection as Cold War Weapon
Soviet and Satellite Redefection Efforts
Means of Thwarting Redefection Pleas

Use of Redefection as Cold War Weapon

Effect of Satellite Turmoil on Redefection

Hungary's “black day of sorrow” has brought a new flood of refugees to the West. On Sunday, Nov. 4, the day the short-lived democratic government of Hungary was overthrown by Russian armed forces, 10,000 fugitives from Soviet vengeance were reported to have crossed the border into Austria. The Communist redefection campaign, vigorously and successfully prosecuted for more than a year and a half, is now operating in reverse so far as Hungary is concerned.

On the other hand, the new “national Communist” government of Poland, which has stated its willingness to accept economic aid from the United States if no strings are attached, may be able to offer Polish defectors in the West more attractive “come-home” invitations than in the past. It may be expected in any event that Communist efforts to bring about the return of fugitives from Red rule—efforts put forth sporadically since the early 1920s—will be resumed on a broad scale once the relations of the Soviet Union with its satellite states in Eastern Europe have been redefined.

Taking advantage of the improvement in East-West relations that followed the summit conference at Geneva in July 1955, the Soviet and satellite governments stepped up their efforts to induce escapees from Communist rule to return to the countries from which they had fled. The extent and intensity of the redefection campaigns left no doubt of the importance placed on them by the Reds. An exhaustive study by a private group headed by Gen, William J. Donovan, chief of the wartime O.S.S., concluded that the campaigns were “long-term, extravagantly financed, and well-coordinated with Communist agents and agencies throughout the world.”

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
Communism and Socialism
Aug. 02, 2011  Communism Today
Mar. 04, 1988  Communist Reformers Look West
Dec. 28, 1984  Communist Economies
Sep. 21, 1984  Southern European Socialism
Feb. 09, 1979  Communist Indochina and the Big Powers
Apr. 23, 1976  Western European Communism
May 28, 1969  World Communist Summit
Nov. 20, 1968  Intellectuals in Communist Countries
Aug. 28, 1968  Scandinavia and Socialism
Oct. 18, 1967  Soviet Communism After Fifty Years
Sep. 21, 1966  Soviet Economy: Incentives Under Communism
Sep. 15, 1965  Thailand: New Red Target
Dec. 18, 1963  Communist Schisms
Mar. 13, 1963  Venezuela: Target for Reds
Apr. 25, 1962  Teaching About Communism
Dec. 01, 1960  Farming and Food in Communist Lands
Apr. 27, 1960  Communist Party, U.S.A.
Nov. 07, 1956  Reds and Redefection
Apr. 11, 1956  Communists and Popular Fronts
Dec. 07, 1955  Religion Behind the Iron Curtain
Nov. 12, 1954  Communist Controls
Feb. 11, 1953  Red Teachers and Educational Freedom
Apr. 04, 1950  Loyalty and Security
Aug. 19, 1949  Church and Communism
Jul. 22, 1949  Reds in Trade Unions
Jul. 05, 1949  Academic Freedom
Feb. 11, 1948  Control of Communism in the United States
Feb. 05, 1947  Investigations of Un-Americanism
Nov. 13, 1946  Communism in America
Mar. 28, 1935  Anti-Radical Agitation
Oct. 19, 1932  The Socialist Vote in 1932
Aug. 08, 1931  National Economic Councils Abroad
BROWSE RELATED TOPICS:
Cold War
Regional Political Affairs: Russia and the Former Soviet Union
U.S. at War: Cold War
War and Conflict
FEEDBACK

Your Email Address

Subject

Provide Feedback

Suggest a topic here.

Type the characters you see below into the box

Take our survey to help us improve CQ Researcher!