FEEDBACK

Future of France in North Africa

September 15, 1955

Report Outline
Changing Order in French North Africa
Northwest Africa Under Rule of France
Nationalist Movement in North Africa

Changing Order in French North Africa

A pproval by the French cabinet, Sept. 12, of a compromise plan for governmental reforms in Morocco ended a tense month of negotiations between the Paris government of Premier Edgar Faure and representatives of French and native interests in the North African protectorate. The negotiations were punctuated, over the week-end of Aug. 20–21, by a savage wave of native outbreaks and French reprisals that extended from Casablanca on the Atlantic coast of Morocco to Constantine near the Mediterranean coast of the neighboring French territory of Algeria. The disorders, which cost the lives of more than 1,000 persons, brought to a head a major political crisis directly involving the future of France in the whole North African littoral and indirectly affecting other countries, including the United States, that are concerned with developments in that area.

Uncertain Outlook for Last-Minute Reforms

Whether the measures agreed to in Paris will end the crisis, or merely mark a breathing- spell In restive French North Africa, remains for time to determine. The hope is that the reforms will permit continuing negotiations to establish a representative Moroccan government with a degree of home rule. But the outlook for a lasting political settlement remains uncertain, not only in Morocco but also in Algeria, where native resistance to French rule may prove to be an even more difficult problem in the long run. The manner in which France conducts its dealings with the two territories, moreover, is certain to have an important bearing on future relations with the protectorate of Tunisia, third of the French North African territories, where limited home rule has brought a lessening of tensions.

The plan for Morocco, in broad outline, calls for vacating of the Moroccan throne by the sultan placed there two years ago by the French, when they ejected his nationalist-minded predecessor; creation of a regency council to guard the throne for the time being; and formation of a widely representative native government with which France will negotiate the terms of a settlement providing greater internal autonomy for the protectorate. As a corollary, the exiled sultan, who has been detained in Madagascar, is to be allowed to move to France though not, at least for the present, to return to Morocco.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
France
Mar. 03, 1978  French Parliamentary Elections
Feb. 14, 1973  French Elections, 1973
Apr. 10, 1968  French-American Relations
Nov. 24, 1965  Election of De Gaulle: Past and Future Policies
Nov. 20, 1963  French Policy Under De Gaulle
Feb. 20, 1963  France and the Alliance
Nov. 07, 1962  French Governmental Crisis
Mar. 10, 1960  Status of France
Sep. 15, 1955  Future of France in North Africa
Dec. 16, 1953  French Political Instability
Nov. 15, 1952  France and Germany in West European Defense
Jan. 29, 1947  Empire of France
Sep. 01, 1945  France in Transition
Aug. 08, 1944  Relations with France
Mar. 21, 1942  Relations with France
Apr. 10, 1934  Constitutional Reform in France
Jun. 30, 1929  The French Debt and the Young Plan
Apr. 27, 1928  The Briand-Kellogg Correspondence
Mar. 30, 1928  French National Elections - 1928
Aug. 24, 1926  French Currency and Exchange
Jun. 30, 1925  The Moroccan Problem
Jun. 17, 1925  The French Debt to the United States
Apr. 11, 1925  The French Financial Problem
May 07, 1924  The French National Elections
Sep. 21, 1923  French Reparation Policy in the Light of the Dariac Report
BROWSE RELATED TOPICS:
Conflicts in Africa
Imperialism, Colonization, and Independence Movements
Regional Political Affairs: Africa
War and Conflict
FEEDBACK

Your Email Address

Subject

Provide Feedback

Suggest a topic here.

Type the characters you see below into the box

Take our survey to help us improve CQ Researcher!