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Record of the 83rd Congress (Second Session)

August 21, 1954

Report Outline
Major Legislative Action by 83rd Congress
Government Finances
Foreign Relations
Hot-Cold War Chronology, 1954
New Look in National Defense
Internal Security
Economic Policy: Labor and Farm Legislation; Public Power Questions
Social Welfare Legislation
Federal-State Conflicts; Across-The-Border Relations
Machinery of Government
Special Focus

Major Legislative Action by 83rd Congress

Administration Successes and Failures in 1954

President Eisenhower got much of what he wanted, but not all that he wanted, from the Congress elected with him in 1952. He frequently applied the words “dynamic, progressive, forward-looking” to his legislative program, but in the main it showed a middle-of-the-road approach, calculated to draw support from both major parties. The measure of the program's success was about what was to be expected from a Congress almost evenly divided between Republicans and Democrats—working with a President who continued to command more public confidence than the Congress itself.

The first session of the 83rd Congress in 1953 was devoted almost wholly to revising and extending laws about to expire, scaling down appropriations, and making ready to tackle the program the President would submit at the second session. Last year's most striking piece of permanent legislation was the bill relinquishing federal claims to submerged oil lands to the states; this year's most striking enactment, the bill to outlaw the Communist party.

The death of Sen. Taft toward the close of the 1953 session, when the Eisenhower program was still in its formative stages, deprived the President of a wise counsellor and a skillful strategist in Congress. Taft's successor as Senate majority leader, Sen. Knowland of California, sometimes worked at cross purposes with the administration on questions of foreign policy and at times found it difficult to hold the conservative and more liberal Republicans together on specific domestic issues. On occasion administration measures received more support from the minority than from members of the President's own party.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
Congressional Records and Roll Calls
Jul. 30, 1956  Record of the 84th Congress (Second Session)
Aug. 11, 1955  Roll Calls in 84th Congress (First Session)
Aug. 04, 1955  Record of the 84th Congress (First Session)
Aug. 23, 1954  Roll Calls in 83rd Congress (Second Session)
Aug. 21, 1954  Record of the 83rd Congress (Second Session)
Aug. 05, 1953  Roll Calls in 83rd Congress (First Session)
Aug. 04, 1953  Record of 83rd Congress (First Session)
Jul. 14, 1952  Roll Calls in the 82nd Congress (Second Session)
Jul. 08, 1952  Record of the 82nd Congress (Second Session)
Oct. 23, 1951  Roll Calls in 82nd Congress (First Session)
Oct. 22, 1951  Record of the 82nd Congress (First Session)
Sep. 25, 1950  Record Votes in the 81st Congress (Second Session)
Sep. 25, 1950  Record of the 81st Congress (Second Session)
Oct. 21, 1949  Record Votes in the 81st Congress (First Session)
Oct. 20, 1949  Record of the 81st Congress (First Session)
Aug. 07, 1948  Record Votes in the 80th Congress (Second Session)
Aug. 07, 1948  Record of the 80th Congress (Second Session)
Jul. 30, 1947  Record Votes in 80th Congress (January-July, 1947)
Jul. 28, 1947  Record of the 80th Congress (January-July, 1947)
Aug. 03, 1946  Roll Calls in 79th Congress (Second Session)
Aug. 03, 1946  Record of the 79th Congress (Second Session)
Dec. 26, 1945  Record Votes in the 79th Congress (First Session)
Dec. 21, 1945  Record of the 79th Congress (First Session)
Dec. 20, 1944  Record Votes in the 78th Congress (Second Session)
Dec. 20, 1944  Record of the 78th Congress (Second Session)
Dec. 15, 1943  Record Votes in the 78th Congress (First Session)
Dec. 15, 1943  Record of the 78th Congress (First Session)
Dec. 23, 1942  Record Votes in the 77th Congress (Second Session)
Dec. 15, 1942  Record of the 77th Congress (Second Session)
Dec. 15, 1941  Record Votes in the 77Th Congress (First Session)
Dec. 15, 1941  Record of the 77th Congress
Dec. 23, 1940  Record Votes in the 76th Congress (Second and Third Sessions)
Jul. 01, 1940  Record of the 76th Congress
Aug. 07, 1939  Record Votes in the 76th Congress (First Session)
Aug. 07, 1939  Record of the 76th Congress (First Session)
Jun. 16, 1938  Record Votes in the 75th Congress (Second and Third Sessions)
Jun. 16, 1938  Record of the 75th Congress
Aug. 22, 1937  Record Votes in the 75th Congress
Aug. 22, 1937  Record of the 75th Congress
Jun. 22, 1936  Record Votes in the 74th Congress, Second Session
Jun. 22, 1936  Record of the 74th Congress, Second Session
Aug. 27, 1935  Record of the Seventy-Fourth Congress, First Session
Jun. 19, 1934  Record of the Seventy-Third Congress, Second Session
Jun. 16, 1933  Record of the Seventy-Third Congress First (Special) Session
Mar. 04, 1933  Record of the Seventy-Second Congress
Jul. 16, 1932  Record of the Seventy-Second Congress, First Session
Jun. 30, 1932  Record Votes in the Seventy-Second Congress
Mar. 04, 1931  Record of the Seventy-First Congress
Mar. 04, 1929  Legislative Record of the Seventieth Congress
May 29, 1928  Legislative Record of the Seventieth Congress (First Session)
Mar. 31, 1927  Legislative Record of the Sixty-Ninth Congress
Mar. 04, 1925  Legislative Record of the Sixty Eighth Congress
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