Moscow-Peking Alliance and the Korean War
After eight months of testing in the armistice negotiations at Kaesong and Panmunjom, the Red Chinese attachment to Soviet Russia seems no less secure than at the beginning, with the Communist negotiators still taking their cue from Moscow, Hope that the Korean conflict can be ended by a negotiated settlement has not been abandoned by the United States and its United Nations allies, but increasing thought is being given to what happens next if an armistice proves impossible, or if an armistice is signed only to be broken by the Communists.
Peking's alliance with Moscow is the overriding consideration in all present Western dealings with the situation in Korea and in the Far East generally. That alliance was formalized in February 1950, when the Chinese Communist regime concluded a treaty of friendship and mutual aid with the U.S.S.R. The military attack across the 38th Parallel was launched by North Korean Communists four months later. When the invaders had been driven from South Korea by United Nations forces in the autumn of 1950, their ranks were swelled by several hundred thousand Chinese Communist “volunteers,” whose incursion transformed the Korean fighting into “an entirely new war”.
Isolation of Red China from Western World
Communist China's military intervention in Korea has isolated the Peking regime from the West and increased its political, military, and economic dependence on the Soviet Union. The non-Communist nations have found some difficulty in agreeing on a common policy toward Peking, due partly to lack of knowledge as to the exact state of Chinese-Soviet relations. Nevertheless, Red China has been formally branded “an aggressor” by the U.N. General Assembly and any possibility of its admission to the U.N. at an early date has been destroyed.