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Presidential Primaries, 1952

January 16, 1952

Report Outline
Premaries in the 1952 Race for President
Revival of Interest in the Presidential Primary
Presidential Primaries and Practical Politics
Special Focus

Premaries in the 1952 Race for President

Special significance of primaries in 1952

Presidential primaries to be held this spring in 16 states are attracting more attention than in any election year during the last two decades. As always, the pre-convention voting will test the relative strength of rival candidates for nomination to the presidency. But this year the primaries will have special influence in forcing the hands of potential candidates who have been holding their political cards close to the vest.

The New Hampshire primary, which leads off on Mar. 11, has already evoked from Gen. Dwight Eisenhower a firm answer to one of two questions of prime interest to the public and of vital importance to party managers: Is he a Republican or a Democrat? He is a Republican. Would he accept the presidential nomination of his party if offered? He will “not seek nomination to political office”; under no circumstances will he ask for relief from his European assignment for that purpose, and he will not participate in preconvention activities of others on his behalf. In the absence of a “clear-cut call to political duty” he will continue to devote all his energies to his present task.

Prior to Eisenhower's Jan. 7 disclosure of his alignment with the Republican party, leaders of both parties in New Hampshire had announced their intention to file petitions to put the general's name on their primary ballots. Because the New Hampshire law requires that petitioners affirm membership in the party of the man they support, and because the filing period in that state closes on Jan. 30, an answer on Eisenhower's politics could not have been delayed beyond the end of the present month if his name was to be entered at all. A further provision that a candidate's name must be printed on the New Hampshire ballots unless he withdraws it within ten days of notification that a petition has been filed on his behalf, will clarify Eisenhower's position by producing either a definite withdrawal before Feb. 10 or what will amount to consent by silence.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
Presidential Candidates and Campaigns
Feb. 03, 2012  Presidential Election
Jan. 30, 2009  The Obama Presidency
Aug. 08, 2008  Political Conventions
Jul. 18, 2008  Race and Politics
Apr. 20, 2007  Electing the President
Dec. 30, 1988  Promises vs. Problems
Jul. 10, 1987  Presidential Nomination Process
Feb. 03, 1984  Choosing Presidential Nominees
Jun. 06, 1980  Choosing Presidential Candidates
Apr. 09, 1976  Presidential Campaign Coverage
Feb. 23, 1972  Political Conventions
May 27, 1964  Foreign Policy Issues in Election Campaigns
Sep. 21, 1960  Voting in 1960
Jan. 06, 1960  Presidential Primaries, 1960
Jan. 04, 1956  Campaign Smearing
Nov. 30, 1955  Presidential Possibilities, 1956
May 09, 1952  Open Conventions
Jan. 16, 1952  Presidential Primaries, 1952
Oct. 12, 1949  Modernization of the Presidential Election
Jan. 14, 1948  Presidential Primaries
May 01, 1944  Foreign Policy in National Elections
Jan. 01, 1944  Choice of Candidates for the Presidency
Apr. 08, 1940  Republican Candidates for the Presidency, 1940
Apr. 01, 1940  Democratic Candidates for the Presidency, 1940
Jun. 19, 1939  Selection of Nominees for the Presidency
Aug. 19, 1938  Nomination by Primary
Mar. 11, 1936  Voting in Presidential Elections
Feb. 18, 1936  Presidential Candidates, 1936
Mar. 03, 1932  Decline of the Presidential Primary
Aug. 25, 1931  Presidential Candidates, 1932
May 05, 1928  National Nominating Conventions
Sep. 03, 1927  Presidential Candidates—1928
Jun. 14, 1927  Patronage Influence in Nominating Conventions
Sep. 11, 1926  The Future of the Direct Primary
Jul. 02, 1924  Proposed Reforms of Presidential Nominating Methods
Jun. 04, 1924  The Machinery of the Political Conventions
Mar. 15, 1924  Presidential Candidates and the Issues
Sep. 05, 1923  The Passing of the Second Term
BROWSE RELATED TOPICS:
Campaigns and Elections
Powers and History of the Presidency
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