Emigration from Europe

November 27, 1951

Report Outline
Concern Over Migration Opportunities
Resettling of Displaced Persons and Refugees
Population Pressures and Overseas Migration
Promoting Migration by International Action
Special Focus

Concern Over Migration Opportunities

Convening of Conference on Migration at Brussels

New measures to facilitate migration from Europe are being considered at a special international conference now in progress at Brussels. Delegates from 23 countries, including the United States, met Nov. 26 to seek agreement on a short-term plan to provide continuing facilities for the emigration of refugees and to increase the movement from Europe of other persons for whom adequate employment opportunities are not available there. Immediate action is necessary because the International Refugee Organization is scheduled to go out of existence at the end of the year. It is hoped that the conference will establish a new interim agency to keep in operation a dozen ships, specially equipped for migration purposes, which are to be relinquished by I.R.O.

The United States played a leading role in arranging the Brussels conference. Transportation to this country must be assured in the coming months for several thousand persons, mostly ethnic German expellees who are still eligible for admission under the Displaced Persons Act. In addition, the United States has a very real interest in the long-term problem of refugees and in other European migration problems. Political as well as humanitarian considerations require the maintenance of resettlement opportunities for Iron Curtain nationals who are encouraged by American propaganda to flee to the West. Greater migration of underemployed manpower from certain European countries, moreover, is of general concern to the United States as one possible means of helping Western Europe to achieve permanent social and economic stability.

Action of Congress on European Migration Problem

Members of Congress have taken an active interest in measures relating to European emigration. In extending the Economic Cooperation Act in 1950, Congress added an amendment on European manpower, offered by Rep. Walter (D., Pa.) of the House Judiciary Committee. The Walter amendment urged the Marshall Plan administrator to encourage emigration from participating countries having permanent surplus manpower to areas, particularly underdeveloped and dependent areas, where such manpower can be effectively utilized.”

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
Immigration and Naturalization
Feb. 24, 2017  Immigrants and the Economy
Sep. 02, 2016  U.S.-Mexico Relations
Oct. 23, 2015  Immigrant Detention
Sep. 27, 2013  Border Security
Mar. 09, 2012  Immigration Conflict
Dec. 2010  Europe's Immigration Turmoil
Sep. 19, 2008  America's Border Fence
Feb. 01, 2008  Immigration Debate Updated
May 04, 2007  Real ID
May 06, 2005  Illegal Immigration
Jul. 14, 2000  Debate Over Immigration
Jan. 24, 1997  The New Immigrants
Feb. 03, 1995  Cracking Down on Immigration
Sep. 24, 1993  Immigration Reform
Apr. 24, 1992  Illegal Immigration
Jun. 13, 1986  Immigration
Dec. 10, 1976  Illegal Immigration
Dec. 13, 1974  The New Immigration
Feb. 12, 1964  Immigration Policy Revision
Feb. 06, 1957  Immigration Policy
Nov. 27, 1951  Emigration from Europe
Feb. 09, 1945  Immigration to Palestine
Sep. 30, 1940  Forced Migrations
Apr. 18, 1939  Immigration and Deportation
Jul. 27, 1931  Deportation of Aliens
Mar. 12, 1929  The National-Origin Immigration Plan
Aug. 19, 1927  Immigration from Canada and Latin America
Nov. 01, 1926  Quota Control and the National Origin System
Jul. 12, 1924  Immigration and its Relation to Political and Economic Theories and Party Affiliation
BROWSE RELATED TOPICS:
Immigration and Naturalization
Regional Political Affairs: Europe