Mediterranean Pact and Near East Security

April 20, 1949

Report Outline
Projected Eatern Regional Security Pact
Communist Threat to Security of Greece
Demands of the Soviet Union on Turkey
Russian Pressure on the Kingdom of Iran

Projected Eatern Regional Security Pact

President truman, speaking on the occasion of the signing of the North Atlantic Pact on Apr. 4, declared that “The adherence of the United States to this pact does not signify a lessening of American concern for the security and welfare of other areas of the world, such as the Near East.” In a following address British Foreign Secretary Bevin made the same point, saying that “Although this pact is called the Atlantic Pact and is defined as covering the Atlantic area … it does not minimize either our interest in or determination to support others not included in this pact, with whom we have had long years of friendship and alliances.”

These statements may have been intended as no more than reassurance to Greece, Turkey, and Iran—and warning to Russia—that formation of an alliance to strengthen Western Europe implied no relaxation of vigilance against aggressive moves elsewhere. At the same time, they did nothing to discourage speculation that the North Atlantic Pact eventually may be supplemented by a parallel security arrangement covering danger areas in the Near East. Turkish Foreign Minister Sadak arrived in Washington for conferences with American officials a week after signing of the Atlantic treaty. At a press conference, Apr. 14, he said that “Turkey believes and wishes that the Turkish security will also be guaranteed by another regional pact.” The Greek foreign minister likewise has advocated a Mediterranean pact.

It has been officially denied that such a pact is presently under consideration. It can be understood that the State Department, in any event, would not wish to advance an additional security project until the North Atlantic Pact had been ratified and Congress had taken action on the corollary program for arms aid. Questions concerning a Mediterranean pact nevertheless are likely to be raised during Senate hearings and debate on the North Atlantic treaty and in the course of House and Senate discussion of the arms program.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
U.S.-Soviet Relations
Sep. 14, 1990  The Western Alliance After the Cold War
Feb. 10, 1989  Soviet Trade: In America's Best Interest?
Nov. 01, 1985  U.S.-Soviet Summitry
Jul. 09, 1982  Controlling Scientific Information
May 25, 1973  Trends in U.S.-Soviet Relations
Apr. 05, 1972  Russia's Diplomatic Offensive
Feb. 09, 1972  Trading with Communist Nations
Mar. 10, 1971  Indian Ocean Policy
Apr. 21, 1965  Negotiations with Communists
Nov. 13, 1963  Scientific Cooperation with the Soviet Union
Oct. 03, 1963  Trade with the Communists
Sep. 11, 1963  Non-Aggression Pacts and Surprise Attack
Oct. 11, 1961  East-West Negotiations
Mar. 29, 1961  Russia and United Nations
Aug. 10, 1960  Challenged Monroe Doctrine
Sep. 02, 1959  American-Soviet Trade
Jul. 03, 1959  Cultural Exchanges with Soviet Russia
Aug. 11, 1958  Conference Diplomacy
Jul. 23, 1958  Limited War
May 14, 1958  Cold War Propaganda
Feb. 26, 1958  Military Disengagement
Feb. 20, 1957  Indirect Aggression
Jul. 25, 1956  Trading with Communists
Jan. 11, 1956  Economic Cold War
Nov. 26, 1954  Peaceful Coexistence
Dec. 01, 1953  Tests of Allied Unity
Sep. 18, 1953  Negotiating with the Reds
Jun. 17, 1953  East-West Trade
Apr. 12, 1951  Non-Military Weapons in Cold-War Offensive
Apr. 20, 1949  Mediterranean Pact and Near East Security
Apr. 28, 1948  Trade with Russia
Sep. 11, 1946  Loyalty in Government
Jul. 31, 1946  Arctic Defenses
Apr. 01, 1943  American and British Relations with Russia
Feb. 24, 1933  Soviet-American Political and Trade Relations
Nov. 03, 1931  Russian-American Relations
Feb. 14, 1924  Russian Trade with the United States
International Law and Agreements
Regional Political Affairs: Middle East and South Asia