Peace with Japan

September 19, 1947

Report Outline
Coming Conference on Japanese Treaty
Changes in Japan Under Allied Occupation
Peace Terms and Future Position of Japan
Special Focus

Coming Conference on Japanese Treaty

American Proposals for Eleven-Nation Conference

Although Moscow has taken exception to proposals advanced by the United States for drafting a peace treaty for Japan, it is indicated that a conference nevertheless will be called within a few months to start work on a final Japanese settlement. All of the other nations primarily interested are in general agreement with the procedure suggested by this country. Soviet refusal to participate would create certain problems and might have disturbing consequences, but it probably would not prevent the other powers from going ahead.

The United States made the initial move on July 11, 1947, when State Department officials presented the American proposals at a meeting in Washington of diplomatic representatives of the nations principally concerned in a Japanese settlement. This government proposed that the 11 states represented on the Far Eastern Commission convoke a conference “as soon as practicable,” outside of the Far Eastern Commission, to draft a peace treaty for submission to a general conference of all states that had declared war on Japan. In view of existing commitments of the foreign ministers, the United States proposed that the preliminary conference be composed initially of deputies and experts. It suggested Aug. 19 as a tentative date and Washington or San Francisco as a site for the meeting.

On July 22 the Soviet government accused the United States of acting “in a unilateral manner” and declared that the question of calling a Japanese peace conference must be “provisionally examined” by the American, British, Chinese, and Russian members of the Council of Foreign Ministers. Secretary of State Marshall, replying to the Soviet note on Aug. 12, denied that reference of the question to the Council of Foreign Ministers was mandatory. He held, on the contrary, that the special interest of other Pacific powers in the Japanese settlement required the members of the Council of Foreign Ministers to “recognize that a conference now to consider that settlement even provisionally should be larger in composition than the Council.”

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
Jul. 26, 2002  Japan in Crisis
May 31, 1991  The U.S. And Japan
Apr. 09, 1982  Tensions in U.S.-Japanese Relations
Jul. 01, 1977  Japanese Elections
Mar. 04, 1970  Emergent Japan
Jun. 25, 1969  Okinawa Question
Jan. 05, 1966  Rising Japanese Nationalism
Jun. 02, 1960  Japan: Disturbed Ally
Nov. 18, 1959  Japanese Competition in International Trade
May 11, 1955  Relations With Japan
Nov. 03, 1954  Japan's Economy
Jan. 09, 1952  Trade with Japan
Feb. 28, 1951  Japan and Pacific Security
Sep. 19, 1947  Peace with Japan
Aug. 14, 1945  Emperor of Japan
Nov. 03, 1944  Russo-Japanese Relations
Dec. 09, 1939  The United States and Japan's New Order in Asia
Dec. 05, 1938  Japan and the Open Door Policy
Apr. 29, 1935  Japanese Foreign Trade Expansion
May 11, 1934  Japanese Policy in Asia
Oct. 12, 1932  Japanese-American Relations
Mar. 17, 1932  Boycotts and Embargoes
Feb. 10, 1932  Militarism Vs. Liberalism in Japan
International Law and Agreements
Regional Political Affairs: East Asia and the Pacific