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Inter-American Security

July 24, 1946

Report Outline
Reorganization of Inter-American System
Inter-American System During the War
Obstacles to Inter-American Cooperation
Inter-American and World Organization

Reorganization of Inter-American System

Coming Conferences at Rio de Janeiro and Bogota

Plans for strengthening the inter-American regional system to make it a more effective agency for maintaining peace and fostering international cooperation in the Western Hemisphere are now being formulated for submission to two conferences of the 21 republics. A special Inter-American Conference for the Maintenance of Continental Peace and Security, to be convened at Rio de Janeiro probably late in 1946, will have the task of framing a permanent military assistance pact to replace the temporary wartime Act of Chapultepec, signed at Mexico City on Mar. 6, 1945. A full-dress Pan American conference, to be held at Bogota, Colombia, sometime in 1947, will take up proposals for reorganizing the administrative machinery of the inter-American system.

The Rio conference has been twice postponed because of the political situation in Argentina. Originally to be convened Oct. 20, 1945, the meeting was put off to an undetermined date in the spring of 1946, after Under Secretary of State Acheson had declared, Oct. 3, that “the United States government does not feel that it can properly negotiate or sign with the present Argentine regime a treaty of military assistance.” Then on Mar. 6, 1946, the Governing Board of the Pan American Union, at the instance of Uruguay, again recommended postponement, without fixing a new date.

Meanwhile, at the end of February, Col. Peron had been constitutionally elected President of Argentina. On Apr. 8, 1946, the United States State Department sent a memorandum to the other American republics urging that a mutual assistance pact be concluded “at the earliest possible date.” The State Department suggested that the Rio conference be called “after the new government of Argentina has been installed and has had a reasonable time to comply with the promises made at Mexico City.”

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
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Sep. 19, 1997  Mexico's Future
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Jun. 04, 1976  Relations with Latin America
Oct. 21, 1970  Chile's Embattled Democracy
Jun. 24, 1970  Mexico's Election and the Continuing Revolution
Apr. 02, 1969  Economic Nationalism in Latin America
Jul. 19, 1967  Guerrilla Movements in Latin America
Dec. 28, 1966  Militarism in Latin America
Oct. 20, 1965  Common Market for Latin America
Aug. 04, 1965  Smoldering Colombia
Jun. 23, 1965  Inter-American Peacekeeping
Dec. 11, 1963  Progress of the Alianza
Oct. 05, 1962  Arms Aid to Latin America
Dec. 13, 1961  Land and Tax Reform in Latin America
Jul. 26, 1961  Commodity Agreements for Latin America
Jan. 11, 1961  Revolution in the Western Hemisphere
Feb. 10, 1960  Inter-American System
Jan. 13, 1960  Expropriation in Latin America
Jul. 02, 1958  Economic Relations with Latin America
Mar. 02, 1954  Communism in Latin America
Jun. 20, 1952  Political Unrest in Latin America
Sep. 18, 1950  War Aid from Latin America
Oct. 31, 1947  Arming the Americas
Jul. 24, 1946  Inter-American Security
Jan. 02, 1942  Latin America and the War
Jul. 10, 1941  Export Surpluses and Import Needs of South America
Jun. 04, 1941  Economic Defense of Latin America
Jun. 25, 1940  Politics in Mexico
Nov. 01, 1939  Pan American Political Relations
Oct. 10, 1939  United States Trade with Latin America
Apr. 07, 1938  Protection of American Interests in Mexico
Mar. 04, 1936  Peace Machinery in the Americas
Sep. 27, 1933  Trade Relations with Latin America
Oct. 16, 1928  Pan American Arbitration Conference
Jan. 12, 1928  The Sixth Pan American Conference
Jan. 10, 1927  American Policy in Nicaragua
Dec. 27, 1926  Relations Between Mexico and the United States
BROWSE RELATED TOPICS:
Alliances and Security Agreements
Regional Political Affairs: Latin America and the Caribbean
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