Russo-Japanese Relations

November 3, 1944

Report Outline
Soviet Russia and the Pacific War
Czarist Russia and Imperial Japan
Soviet Russia and Imperial Japan

Soviet Russia and the Pacific War

Military Considerations Affecting Soviet Policy

If and when the Soviet Union will enter the war against Japan remains a closely guarded secret of the Kremlin. Roosevelt and Churchill may have been taken into Stalin's confidence, but the peoples of the Allied countries—including the people of the U. S. S. R.—are likely to remain in ignorance of Soviet plans until those plans are put into execution.

Up to the present, concentration of Soviet military strength against Germany has accorded with the British-American policy of defeating Hitler first. Russian neutrality in the Pacific war has permitted shipment of lend-lease supplies through the port of Vladivostok for the use of Soviet forces on European fronts. At an earlier stage of the war Vladivostok would have fallen easy prey to Japan, and for Russia to have granted the use of her airfields in the Far East to the Allies would have been futile—until sufficient forces were available to guard them against destruction. These military considerations preventing Russian action against Japan will no longer exist when the war in Europe ends and the Allies hold full control of the western Pacific.

Scrupulous Observance of Non-Aggression Pact

When sufficient forces can be massed in eastern Siberia to render an attack by Japan unlikely, the right to use the extensive Soviet air bases in that area might be granted to the United States and Great Britain without necessarily involving Russia in further participation in the war. Russia could, however, by throwing her full strength into the conflict, assure a quicker Allied victory and earlier resumption of her own economic development under normal conditions.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
Jul. 26, 2002  Japan in Crisis
May 31, 1991  The U.S. And Japan
Apr. 09, 1982  Tensions in U.S.-Japanese Relations
Jul. 01, 1977  Japanese Elections
Mar. 04, 1970  Emergent Japan
Jun. 25, 1969  Okinawa Question
Jan. 05, 1966  Rising Japanese Nationalism
Jun. 02, 1960  Japan: Disturbed Ally
Nov. 18, 1959  Japanese Competition in International Trade
May 11, 1955  Relations With Japan
Nov. 03, 1954  Japan's Economy
Jan. 09, 1952  Trade with Japan
Feb. 28, 1951  Japan and Pacific Security
Sep. 19, 1947  Peace with Japan
Aug. 14, 1945  Emperor of Japan
Nov. 03, 1944  Russo-Japanese Relations
Dec. 09, 1939  The United States and Japan's New Order in Asia
Dec. 05, 1938  Japan and the Open Door Policy
Apr. 29, 1935  Japanese Foreign Trade Expansion
May 11, 1934  Japanese Policy in Asia
Oct. 12, 1932  Japanese-American Relations
Mar. 17, 1932  Boycotts and Embargoes
Feb. 10, 1932  Militarism Vs. Liberalism in Japan
Regional Political Affairs: East Asia and the Pacific
Regional Political Affairs: Russia and the Former Soviet Union
U.S. at War: World War II