Military Government of Occupied Territory

November 11, 1943

Report Outline
Multiple Problems of Miltary Occupation
American Experience with Military Government
Allied Military Government in World War Ii

Multiple Problems of Miltary Occupation

Occupation of European nations promises soon to be a major activity of the armed forces of Great Britain and the United States. Allied commanders have already set up military governments in Sicily and southern Italy; a year ago they had the task of providing a transitional administration of civil affairs for North Africa. As British and American armies move toward Hitler's “heartland,” the need of secure communication lines behind the front, and the obligation of victorious forces to restore and maintain order in captured territory, will require the establishment of military governments in all the liberated areas.

German forces still occupy a large part of the continent of Europe; Japanese forces are in control of considerable territory on the continent of Asia, and many islands of the Pacific. The nature of the Allied occupation of areas freed of Axis domination will be determined to some extent by the condition in which such areas are left by the defeated armies. Axis occupation, when overthrown, is expected to leave behind it problems of disorder and economic maladjustment unique in the experience of the modern world. The magnitude of Allied Military Government's contemplated operations is likewise without precedent in history.

Allied Arrangements for Military Government

Responsibility for the maintenance of military government in areas occupied by American and British troops rests with the President, as Commander-in-chief of the armed forces of the United States, and with the British Prime Minister. This responsibility of the two heads of state is delegated, through members of their cabinets, to military area commanders in the field, working with the civil affairs staffs attached to their headquarters. What is known as “Allied Military Government,” or A. M. G., is best described, for the present at least, as a working arrangement between the United Kingdom and the United States, with Canadian participation; it has not yet attained the status of a clearly defined administrative organization for all occupied territory.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
World War II Demobilization
Nov. 18, 1950  Conservation of War Materials
Jan. 04, 1946  Future of Light Metals
Jul. 21, 1945  Aid to Displaced War Workers
Dec. 06, 1944  War Veterans and Employment
Nov. 11, 1944  Reconversion of Agriculture
Jul. 28, 1944  Priorities in Demobilization
May 16, 1944  Termination of War Contracts
Jan. 17, 1944  Lend-Lease Settlements
Nov. 30, 1943  Disposal of Surplus War Materials
Nov. 11, 1943  Military Government of Occupied Territory
Oct. 22, 1943  Government War Plants
Sep. 27, 1943  Termination of War Controls
Aug. 21, 1943  Demobilization
International Law and Agreements
U.S. at War: World War II
War and Conflict
World War II