FEEDBACK

Pre-War and Post-War Imperialism in Africa

May 29, 1935

Report Outline
Desire of Italy and Germany for Colonial Expansion
Partition of Africa Before the World War
Italian Imperalism in Africa
Background of Italo-Abyssinian Dispute

Desire of Italy and Germany for Colonial Expansion

Italy's Dispute with Abyssinia and recent Nazi moves to condition reentrance into the League of Nations on recognition of Germany's right to acquire colonies reflect the growing power of expansionist sentiment, in Italy and Germany. In the 40 years preceding the World War, almost the whole of Africa was partitioned off by the powers of Europe, but in 1914 neither Italy nor Germany looked upon her colonial empire as sufficiently extensive to meet the demands of economic need or national prestige. Germany under the Versailles treaty was deprived of all of her colonies, while Italy considered as an unsatisfactory liquidation of her claims the territory she gained as a consequence of her entrance into the war on the side of the Allies. The manifest desire of both countries for colonial expansion suggests the likelihood at some future date of a realignment—voluntary or otherwise—of colonial boundaries in Africa.

If, as many observers predict, hostilities are opened in Abyssinia when the rainy season ends in September, in spite of efforts to arbitrate the present controversy, international complications may speedily result. “The fight of Ethiopia to retain her independence,” Josef Israels said in an article in the New York Times on February 24, “may be the pivot on which the fate of peace in the Eastern Hemisphere revolves. The submersion of Ethiopia into the territories of European powers would unquestionably mean a realignment of the African map extending far beyond the territory immediately involved.” As long ago as April, 1927, Evans Lewin, secretary of the Royal Colonial Institute of London, predicted in an article in Foreign Affairs that Italy would undertake territorial expansion in Africa. “In view of the parallel movement in Germany,” he added, “there can be little doubt that the clash of European interests in Africa will assume before the end of the next decade a more ugly appearance than it has at present,” Italian policy in Abyssinia was attacked by Viscount Cecil, president of the League of Nations Union, on May 16. By ignoring her own obligations under the League, Lord Cecil pointed out, Italy could not fairly criticize German violations of the peace treaty. “It ‘is impossible,” he said, “to claim respect for the collective system in the north and flout it in the south.”

League Adjustment of Italo-Abyssinian Controversy

As a result of action taken by the League Council on May 25, the Italo-Abyssinian dispute, which began last December with an engagement at Ualual between Italian and Ethiopian troops, is to be arbitrated in conformity with the Italo-Abyssinian treaty of 1928. Resolutions adopted at Geneva provide for the submission of the claims of the two countries to a commission composed of two representatives of each of the disputants.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
Africa
Nov. 20, 2012  Booming Africa
Apr. 05, 2011  Conflict in Congo
Aug. 2009  Attacking Piracy
Jun. 2009  The Troubled Horn of Africa
Sep. 2008  Crisis in Darfur
Jan. 2008  China in Africa
Sep. 09, 2005  Ending Poverty
Aug. 27, 2004  Stopping Genocide
Aug. 29, 2003  Aiding Africa
Nov. 08, 2002  Famine in Africa
Mar. 24, 1995  Democracy in Africa
Jan. 14, 1994  South Africa's Future
Mar. 23, 1990  U.S. Role in South Africa's Future
Nov. 07, 1986  Economic Turnabout In Africa
Jan. 17, 1986  Angola and the Reagan Doctrine
Sep. 09, 1983  South Africa's ‘Total Strategy’
Jul. 14, 1978  African Policy Reversal
Sep. 03, 1976  Africa and the Big Powers
Apr. 04, 1975  Southern Africa in Transition
Dec. 06, 1974  Ethiopia in Turmoil
May 09, 1973  African Nation Building
Feb. 28, 1968  Nigeria at War
Nov. 02, 1966  White Outposts in Southern Africa
Feb. 03, 1965  Congo Dilemma
Aug. 12, 1964  Red Rivalry in Africa
May 22, 1963  Political Turmoil in Southern Africa
Nov. 02, 1960  Tribalism and Nationalism in Africa
Sep. 28, 1960  Education for Africans
Apr. 10, 1959  Power Struggles in Colonial Africa
Aug. 20, 1958  Algerian Conflicts
Apr. 09, 1958  White Supremacy in South Africa
Sep. 11, 1957  Future of Algeria
Apr. 03, 1957  Political Awakening of Black Africa
Sep. 17, 1952  Africa and the West
Feb. 20, 1952  Nationalism in North Africa
Dec. 04, 1942  War Resources in Africa
May 29, 1935  Pre-War and Post-War Imperialism in Africa
BROWSE RELATED TOPICS:
Imperialism, Colonization, and Independence Movements
Regional Political Affairs: Africa
FEEDBACK

Your Email Address

Subject

Provide Feedback

Suggest a topic here.

Type the characters you see below into the box

Take our survey to help us improve CQ Researcher!