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Record of the Seventy-Third Congress First (Special) Session

June 16, 1933

Report Outline
Action on Roosevelt Program at Special Session
Legislation to Deal with Economic Emergencies
Agricultural and Conservation Measures
Unemployment Relief and Labor Legislation
The Budget, Beer, and Economy Measures
Permanent Legislation, Tariffs, and Treaties
Record Votes in the 73rd Congress
Outstanding Roll Calls in the House
Special Focus

Action on Roosevelt Program at Special Session

The Special Session of the 73rd Congress, which began on March 9 with enactment of the emergency banking act, came to a close on the morning of June 16, 1933, shortly after the passage by both houses of the national industrial recovery bill and final approval of a $3,610,000,000 measure to finance the new undertakings initiated during the session. The closing hours were marked by a sharp contest between the President and the Senate over the limitations to be imposed upon the authority previously granted to effect reductions in veterans' compensation. The Senate capitulated just before adjournment, approving, by a margin of nine votes, an administration compromise it had previously rejected. A last communication from the President thanked the Congress for “a more sincere and wholehearted cooperation” between the legislative and executive branches—which “in most cases transcended party lines”—than had been witnessed in many years.

Almost-the entire time of the special session was taken up with emergency measures. The only outstanding pieces of permanent legislation upon which final action was taken were the administration's securities bill, the Tennessee Valley Authority bill, the Wagner employment exchange bill, and the Glass-Steagall bank reform bill. The 73rd Congress—under the terms of the new 20th amendment to the Constitution—will not meet again until January 3, 1934, unless called into a second special session at an earlier date.

The dates on which action was taken on 15 major proposals for legislation submitted by President Roosevelt during the special session are shown below.

Legislation concerning: Proposed Approved by the House Approved by the Senate Approved by the President
Banking emergency March 9 March 9 March 9 March 9
Government economy March 10 March 11 March 15 March 20
Legalization of beer March 13 March 14 March 16 March 22
Agricultural adjustment March 16 March 22 April 28 May 12
Forest camps March 21 March 29 March 28 March 31
Direct unemployment relief March 21 April 21 March 30 May 12
Securities regulation March 29 May 5 May 8 May 27
Farm mortgage relief April 3 April 13 April 28 May 12
Tennessee Valley Authority April 10 April 25 April 28 May 12
Loans to home owners April 13 April 28 June 5 June 13
Inflation April 19 May 3 April 28 May 12
Railroad reorganization May 4 June 5 May 27 June 16
Industrial recovery May 17 May 26 June 9 June 16
Control of oil industry May 20 June 10 June 8 June 16
Gold clause invalidation May 26 May 29 June 3 June 5
Many of the measures enacted in response to requests from the President were limited in their operation to one or two years. Most of the new agencies created to administer these measures, including not only the new government-owned corporations but also such agencies as the national industrial recovery board, the agricultural adjustment administration, the emergency relief administration, and the employment service, were specifically exempted from civil service rules, either by action of the House or in the text of bills transmitted by the administration.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
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Jul. 30, 1956  Record of the 84th Congress (Second Session)
Aug. 11, 1955  Roll Calls in 84th Congress (First Session)
Aug. 04, 1955  Record of the 84th Congress (First Session)
Aug. 23, 1954  Roll Calls in 83rd Congress (Second Session)
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Oct. 23, 1951  Roll Calls in 82nd Congress (First Session)
Oct. 22, 1951  Record of the 82nd Congress (First Session)
Sep. 25, 1950  Record Votes in the 81st Congress (Second Session)
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Oct. 21, 1949  Record Votes in the 81st Congress (First Session)
Oct. 20, 1949  Record of the 81st Congress (First Session)
Aug. 07, 1948  Record Votes in the 80th Congress (Second Session)
Aug. 07, 1948  Record of the 80th Congress (Second Session)
Jul. 30, 1947  Record Votes in 80th Congress (January-July, 1947)
Jul. 28, 1947  Record of the 80th Congress (January-July, 1947)
Aug. 03, 1946  Roll Calls in 79th Congress (Second Session)
Aug. 03, 1946  Record of the 79th Congress (Second Session)
Dec. 26, 1945  Record Votes in the 79th Congress (First Session)
Dec. 21, 1945  Record of the 79th Congress (First Session)
Dec. 20, 1944  Record Votes in the 78th Congress (Second Session)
Dec. 20, 1944  Record of the 78th Congress (Second Session)
Dec. 15, 1943  Record Votes in the 78th Congress (First Session)
Dec. 15, 1943  Record of the 78th Congress (First Session)
Dec. 23, 1942  Record Votes in the 77th Congress (Second Session)
Dec. 15, 1942  Record of the 77th Congress (Second Session)
Dec. 15, 1941  Record Votes in the 77Th Congress (First Session)
Dec. 15, 1941  Record of the 77th Congress
Dec. 23, 1940  Record Votes in the 76th Congress (Second and Third Sessions)
Jul. 01, 1940  Record of the 76th Congress
Aug. 07, 1939  Record Votes in the 76th Congress (First Session)
Aug. 07, 1939  Record of the 76th Congress (First Session)
Jun. 16, 1938  Record Votes in the 75th Congress (Second and Third Sessions)
Jun. 16, 1938  Record of the 75th Congress
Aug. 22, 1937  Record Votes in the 75th Congress
Aug. 22, 1937  Record of the 75th Congress
Jun. 22, 1936  Record Votes in the 74th Congress, Second Session
Jun. 22, 1936  Record of the 74th Congress, Second Session
Aug. 27, 1935  Record of the Seventy-Fourth Congress, First Session
Jun. 19, 1934  Record of the Seventy-Third Congress, Second Session
Jun. 16, 1933  Record of the Seventy-Third Congress First (Special) Session
Mar. 04, 1933  Record of the Seventy-Second Congress
Jul. 16, 1932  Record of the Seventy-Second Congress, First Session
Jun. 30, 1932  Record Votes in the Seventy-Second Congress
Mar. 04, 1931  Record of the Seventy-First Congress
Mar. 04, 1929  Legislative Record of the Seventieth Congress
May 29, 1928  Legislative Record of the Seventieth Congress (First Session)
Mar. 31, 1927  Legislative Record of the Sixty-Ninth Congress
Mar. 04, 1925  Legislative Record of the Sixty Eighth Congress
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