The States and the Prohibition Amendment

February 25, 1931

Report Outline
The Parties and the Eighteenth Amendment
Submission and Ratification of the 18th Amendment
Prohibition Enforcement in the States
Effect of National Repeal on State Liquor Laws
Special Focus

The Parties and the Eighteenth Amendment

The Party Leaders and the Wickersham Report

A decision upholding the validity of the Eighteenth Amendment was handed down by the Supreme Court of the United States in the case of United States v. Sprague and Howey on February 24, 1931. The report of the Wickersham Commission proposing a revision of the Eighteenth Amendment was transmitted to Congress on January 20, 1931. During the five weeks that elapsed between the two events lively debates on the social, economic, and political aspects of national prohibition took place in Congress and the state legislatures. Out of the discussion of the political phases of the problem has come the interesting suggestion that one or both parties may stand in 1932 for a resubmission of the Eighteenth Amendment to the states.

The revised amendment drafted by the Wickersham Commission, under which Congress would have power “to regulate or to prohibit” the traffic in intoxicating liquors, has failed to commend itself to the leadership of either party. President Hoover's opposition to the revised amendment was expressed in his special message of January 20 transmitting the Commission's report to Congress. He said:

I do, however, see serious objections to, and therefore must not be understood as recommending, the Commission's proposed revision of the Eighteenth Amendment which is suggested by them for possible consideration at some future time if the continued effort at enforcement should prove unsuccessful.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
Dec. 21, 1984  America's New Temperance Movement
Nov. 03, 1943  Liquor Supply and Control
Oct. 04, 1933  Liquor Control after Repeal
Feb. 02, 1933  Preparations for Prohibition Repeal
Aug. 11, 1932  Prohibition After the 1932 Elections
May 16, 1932  Prohibition in the 1932 Conventions
Sep. 25, 1931  Economic Effects of Prohibition Repeal
Feb. 25, 1931  The States and the Prohibition Amendment
Jan. 26, 1931  Validity of the Eighteenth Amendment
Oct. 15, 1930  The Liquor Problem in Politics
Sep. 02, 1929  Reorganization of Prohibition Enforcement
Oct. 31, 1928  Social and Economic Effects of Prohibition
Aug. 07, 1928  Liquor Control in the United States
Apr. 23, 1927  The Prohibition Issue in National Politics
Jun. 05, 1926  Prohibition in the United States
Apr. 21, 1926  Prohibition in Foreign Countries
Jan. 15, 1924  Four Years Under the Eighteenth Amendment
Drug Abuse
State, Local, and Intergovernmental Relations
U.S. Constitution