FEEDBACK

The Soviet Five-Year Plan

August 15, 1930

Report Outline
Background of the Five-Year Plan
Provisions of the Five-Year Plan
Operation of the Five-Year Plan, 1928–30
Special Focus

Background of the Five-Year Plan

Aim of State Planning in Russia

Russia will complete its second year under the Soviet Five-Year Plan of economic development on September 30 of this year. The plan and its workings have attracted widespread attention among economists, industrialists, and bankers as an attempt, at regulated development on a nation-wide scale in a country of 155,000,000 people covering nearly one-sixth of the earth's surface. Soviet statistics indicate that, as the second year draws to a close, the estimates of the original plan have been generally exceeded. Government authorities in Russia assert that the plan will be substantially fulfilled by the end of the fourth year—September 30, 1932.

The object, of state planning, as adopted in Soviet Russia, is to achieve a balanced economy by the elimination of waste, lost motion, and duplication; by the assessment in advance of economic resources and economic needs; by the application of a budgetary system to production on a national scale; and by the adoption of an orderly, detailed scheme of development. The purposes of the Five-Year Plan, as set forth by responsible officials at Moscow, are the creation of a more adequate industrial development in an industrially backward country and the introduction of more efficient methods of agriculture, including large-scale, highly mechanized farming on coöperative lines. It is admitted that the success or failure of the plan will have an important bearing upon the political, as well as the economic, future of Russia, but interest in the experiment transcends its purely Russian aspects, for it represents the first attempt by a national government since the dawn of the industrial era to substitute a system of planned economic development for the prevailing system of laissez faire.

Background of the Five-Year Plan

The significance of the plan, the obstacles it has encountered, and its operation to date can best be made clear if considered against the background of economic developments in Russia after the collapse of the Czarist government in March, 1917, and the seizure of power by the Bolsheviks when Kerensky's provisional government was overthrown in November, 1917.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
Russia and the Soviet Union
Feb. 07, 2014  Resurgent Russia
Feb. 21, 2012  Russia in Turmoil
Jun. 06, 2008  Dealing With the "New" Russia
Jun. 17, 2005  Russia and the Former Soviet Republics
Jan. 18, 2002  U.S.-Russia Relations
May 22, 1998  U.S.-Russian Relations
May 03, 1996  Russia's Political Future
Jul. 12, 1991  Soviet Republics Rebel
Nov. 03, 1989  Balkanization of Eastern Europe (Again)
Feb. 14, 1986  Gorbachev's Challenge
Jan. 07, 1983  Russia Under Andropov
Feb. 19, 1982  Soviet Economic Dilemmas
Feb. 06, 1981  Russia After Détente
Feb. 04, 1977  Sino-Soviet Relations
Feb. 20, 1976  Soviet Options: 25th Party Congress
Jun. 28, 1972  Dissent in Russia
Mar. 17, 1971  Russia's Restive Consumers
Dec. 03, 1969  Kremlin Succession
Oct. 18, 1968  Czechoslovakia and European Security
Apr. 22, 1964  Changing Status of Soviet Satellites
Jan. 29, 1964  Soviet Agriculture: Record of Stagnation
Aug. 08, 1962  Jews in Soviet Russia
Jul. 16, 1958  Tito and the Soviets
Jun. 26, 1957  Soviet Economic Challenge
Aug. 29, 1956  Restive Satellites
Mar. 11, 1955  Soviet Economic Strains
Nov. 04, 1953  Russia's European Satellites
Aug. 03, 1951  Soviet Peace Offensives
Jul. 01, 1948  Russia's War Potential
Jun. 21, 1943  Evolution of Soviet Policies
Mar. 01, 1943  Soviet Russia and the Border States
Aug. 15, 1930  The Soviet Five-Year Plan
Aug. 26, 1929  The League and the Sino-Russian Dispute
Feb. 04, 1924  The Problem of Russian Recognition
BROWSE RELATED TOPICS:
Economic Analyses, Forecasts, and Statistics
Regional Political Affairs: Russia and the Former Soviet Union
FEEDBACK

Your Email Address

Subject

Provide Feedback

Suggest a topic here.

Type the characters you see below into the box

Take our survey to help us improve CQ Researcher!