The Lausanne Treaty

June 1, 1926

Report Outline
Provisions of Lausanne Treaty
Turkish Judicial and Legal Reforms
Attitude of Americans in Turkey
American Attitude on Minorities

The Lausanne Treaty, which will be pressed for ratification by the Senate before adjournment of the present session, according to an announcement by Senator Borah, chairman of the Foreign Relations Committee, following a conference with President Coolidge and Secretary of State Kellogg, is a treaty of commerce and amity between Turkey and the United States signed at Lausanne, August 6, 1923. The treaty was negotiated at the second Lausanne conference by Ismet Pasha, the chief Turkish delegate, and Joseph C. Grew, the American delegate, now Undersecretary of State.

On Easter Monday last Bishop Manning transmitted to Senator Borah a protest against ratification of the Lausanne Treaty signed by 110 Episcopal bishops. In a speech before the Associated Press at New York, April 20, Secretary Kellogg fully endorsed the treaty. This brought a protest from former Ambassador James W. Gerard, chairman of the American Committee for the Independence of Armenia. Opponents of the treaty in the Senate are seeking to delay consideration, but Senator Borah has expressed his determination to bring the treaty to a vote during the present session.

The United States at present is the only important country which has not yet recognized the new Turkish Republic. The Allies signed a treaty of peace with Turkey at Lausanne, July 24, 1923, to which the United States was not a party, since this country had not been at war with Turkey. The United States was represented, however, at both the first and the second Lausanne conferences.

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