Prohibition in Foreign Countries

April 21, 1926

Report Outline
Prohibition in Finland
The Bratt System in Sweden
Norwegian Control System
Provincial Control in Canada
Regulation in Great Britain and Colonies
Prohibition Movement in Continental Countries

In many countries organizations working for prohibition had made substantial progress before 1914, but it was not until the outbreak of hostilities that nation-wide prohibition went into effect in any country. War time regulations for the restriction and prohibition of the use of alcohol were dictated not only by the necessity for maintaining sobriety in the war crisis, but also by the world shortage of grain which made it imperative that part of the supply usually devoted to the manufacture of spirits should be diverted to essential foodstuffs. These war measures varied in degree from complete prohibition in Russia and most of Canada to the regulatory and restrictive measures adopted on the continent and by Great Britain and her other colonies.

Reaction Against War Restrictions

In the years following the conclusion of peace, the radical turn toward prohibition in the warring countries was followed by a more or less sharp reaction, Complete prohibition now exists only in Finland and the United States. Russia, which permitted the sale of vodka in 1922, went completely wet in 1925. Canada, province by province, is abandoning total prohibition either in favor of modification or of government control. Turkey, which went dry for one year in 1923, returned to her former condition at the end of the year.

While the countries which had adopted prohibition as a war time measure were returning in one degree or another to the pre-war condition, the temperance movement continued to make strides in certain parts of the world. The outstanding example of this was the adoption by Sweden of the Bratt system of state control of the manufacture, sale and importation of liquor, wines and heavy beer. This system is said to have met with success and its popularity indicates that it will be permanent.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
Dec. 21, 1984  America's New Temperance Movement
Nov. 03, 1943  Liquor Supply and Control
Oct. 04, 1933  Liquor Control after Repeal
Feb. 02, 1933  Preparations for Prohibition Repeal
Aug. 11, 1932  Prohibition After the 1932 Elections
May 16, 1932  Prohibition in the 1932 Conventions
Sep. 25, 1931  Economic Effects of Prohibition Repeal
Feb. 25, 1931  The States and the Prohibition Amendment
Jan. 26, 1931  Validity of the Eighteenth Amendment
Oct. 15, 1930  The Liquor Problem in Politics
Sep. 02, 1929  Reorganization of Prohibition Enforcement
Oct. 31, 1928  Social and Economic Effects of Prohibition
Aug. 07, 1928  Liquor Control in the United States
Apr. 23, 1927  The Prohibition Issue in National Politics
Jun. 05, 1926  Prohibition in the United States
Apr. 21, 1926  Prohibition in Foreign Countries
Jan. 15, 1924  Four Years Under the Eighteenth Amendment
Humanitarian Assistance