Since 2000, support has declined — from 60 percent to 55 percent of U.S. adults — for amending the Constitution so the president is elected by a nationwide popular vote instead of by the Electoral College. Most of that decline occurred among Republicans, whose support of the popular vote option fell by more than 50 percent between 2011 and 2019. Support among Democrats rose more than 20 percent during that period. Since 2000, two presidents — George W. Bush and Donald Trump, both Republicans — have won the presidency after losing the popular vote. The 2000 percentages are the average of two polls taken one month apart at the end of 2000.

Sources: Jeffrey M. Jones, “Americans Split on Proposals for Popular Vote,” Gallup, May 14, 2019, https://tinyurl.com/yys8h57n; Art Swift, “Americans' Support for Electoral College Rises Sharply,” Gallup, Dec. 2, 2016, https://tinyurl.com/yx92zmx6

Data for the graphic are as follows:

Year Percentage Overall Percentage of Democrats Percentage of Republicans
2000 60% 74% 43%
2004 61% 73% 49%
2011 62% 69% 54%
2016 49% 81% 19%
2019 55% 84% 24%

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