The National Popular Vote Interstate Compact has been signed into law in 15 states and the District of Columbia, jurisdictions that control 196 electoral votes — 74 short of the 270 needed for a candidate to be elected president. A state that joins the compact vows that its electoral votes will go to the candidate who wins the nationwide popular vote. In eight other states, with a total of 75 electoral votes, at least one legislative chamber has voted to join the compact, and similar legislation has been introduced in 27 other states.

Source: “Status of National Popular Vote Bill in Each State,” National Popular Vote, July 24, 2019, https://tinyurl.com/yaw4wpln

Data for the graphic are as follows:

State National Popular Vote Interstate Compact Status
Alabama Has a bill to join the compact pending
Alaska Has a bill to join the compact pending
Arizona At least one legislative chamber has voted to join the compact
Arkansas At least one legislative chamber has voted to join the compact
California Has joined the National Popular Vote Interstate Compact
Colorado Has joined the National Popular Vote Interstate Compact
Connecticut Has joined the National Popular Vote Interstate Compact
Delaware Has joined the National Popular Vote Interstate Compact
District of Columbia Has joined the National Popular Vote Interstate Compact
Florida Has a bill to join the compact pending
Georgia Has a bill to join the compact pending
Hawaii Has joined the National Popular Vote Interstate Compact
Idaho Has a bill to join the compact pending
Illinois Has joined the National Popular Vote Interstate Compact
Indiana Has a bill to join the compact pending
Iowa Has a bill to join the compact pending
Kansas Has a bill to join the compact pending
Kentucky Has a bill to join the compact pending
Louisiana Has a bill to join the compact pending
Maine At least one legislative chamber has voted to join the compact
Maryland Has joined the National Popular Vote Interstate Compact
Massachusetts Has joined the National Popular Vote Interstate Compact
Michigan At least one legislative chamber has voted to join the compact
Minnesota At least one legislative chamber has voted to join the compact
Mississippi Has a bill to join the compact pending
Missouri Has a bill to join the compact pending
Montana Has a bill to join the compact pending
Nebraska Has a bill to join the compact pending
Nevada At least one legislative chamber has voted to join the compact
New Hampshire Has a bill to join the compact pending
New Jersey Has joined the National Popular Vote Interstate Compact
New Mexico Has joined the National Popular Vote Interstate Compact
New York Has joined the National Popular Vote Interstate Compact
North Carolina At least one legislative chamber has voted to join the compact
North Dakota Has a bill to join the compact pending
Ohio Has a bill to join the compact pending
Oklahoma At least one legislative chamber has voted to join the compact
Oregon Has joined the National Popular Vote Interstate Compact
Pennsylvania Has a bill to join the compact pending
Rhode Island Has joined the National Popular Vote Interstate Compact
South Carolina Has a bill to join the compact pending
South Dakota Has a bill to join the compact pending
Tennessee Has a bill to join the compact pending
Texas Has a bill to join the compact pending
Utah Has a bill to join the compact pending
Vermont Has joined the National Popular Vote Interstate Compact
Virginia Has a bill to join the compact pending
Washington Has joined the National Popular Vote Interstate Compact
West Virginia Has a bill to join the compact pending
Wisconsin Has a bill to join the compact pending
Wyoming Has a bill to join the compact pending

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