One-third of Americans believe the government would use a citizenship question in the 2020 census to check a person's immigration status, according to a December 2018 survey by the Public Religion Research Institute, a nonpartisan research and education organization. Democrats were more than twice as likely as Republicans to be skeptical of the government's intentions. Two percent of respondents either said they “did not know” or declined to answer. The survey's margin of error is plus or minus 3.3 percentage points.

Source: Maxine Najle and Robert P. Jones, “American Democracy in Crisis: The Fate of Pluralism in a Divided Nation,” Public Religion Research Institute, Feb. 19, 2019,

Data for the graphic are as follows:

Party Affiliation Percentage Saying the Citizenship Question Will Be Used to Check Immigration Status
Total 33%
Democrats 49%
Independents 30%
Republicans 19%

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